This is lesson 1 of 3 of the unit In What Ways Might Colonization Lead to Rebellion? In this lesson students will identify the casta system in Mexico and its basis in racial hierarchy; build on prior learning about indigenous civilizations in Mexico to evaluate how the encomienda system connects to the later casta system; and compare and contrast colonialism of 1490s with U.S. imperialism in early 1900s, using a Venn diagram. Student’s will use various primary sources to answer DBQ questions to achieve the learning objectives.
Date Range: 1521-1821
Grade Levels: 9-12
Course Subjects: African and African Diaspora Studies; Indigenous Studies; Latin American Studies; World History Studies
Topics: Spanish colonization; encomienda system; casta system; U.S. imperialism
Teaching Time Frame: 1 day (90 minute class session)
- How did colonialism and post-colonial structures impact Mexico? (specifically examining the casta and encomienda system)
- Identify the casta system in Mexico and its basis in racial hierarchy.
- Build on prior learning about indigenous civilizations in Mexico: evaluate how the encomienda system connects to the later casta system.
- Compare and contrast colonialism of 1490’s with U.S. imperialism in early 1900’s, using a Venn diagram.
- World History.
- (c)-(6)-(A) – Compare the major political, economic, social, and cultural developments of the Maya, Inca, and Aztec civilizations and explain how prior civilizations influenced their development.
- (c)-(7)-(A) – Analyze the causes of European expansion from 1450 to 1750.
- (c)-(7)-(B) – Explain the impact of the Columbian Exchange on the Americas and Europe.
- (c)-(10)-(A) – Identify the importance of imperialism, nationalism, militarism, and the alliance system in causing World War I.
- D2.Civ.6.9-12. Critique relationships among governments, civil societies, and economic markets.
- D2.Geo.6.9-12. Evaluate the impact of human settlement activities on the environmental and cultural characteristics of specific places and regions.
- D2.His.1.9-12. Evaluate how historical events and developments were shaped by unique circumstances of time and place as well as broader historical contexts.
- D2.His.2.9-12. Analyze change and continuity in historical eras.
- D2.His.3.9-12. Use questions generated about individuals and groups to assess how the significance of their actions changes over time and is shaped by the historical context.
Creator(s): Emma Ensign-Church, Graduate Student, Department of Curriculum & Instruction; & Emiliano Guajardo, Graduate Student, Department of Curriculum & Instruction
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