In this lesson, students will identify the causes and consequences of the European Expansion. They will consider the importance of Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro in the Spanish conquest of the Americas.
Malintzin: Indigenous Women Discover Spain (Lesson)
In this lesson, students will analyze images to compare the role of indigenous women in Mesoamerica before and after the Spanish colonization. They will consider how Malintzin, a Nahua woman from Coatzacoalcos, contributed to this process and how women resisted or adapted to the changes introduced by the Spaniards.
The Lieutenant Nun: More Than Catalina, More Than Alonso (Lesson)
Students will learn about the Mapuche, their worldview, lifestyle, and resistance. Through primary sources, they will analyze the day-to-day life of Spanish women in the Araucarian wars, such as Catalina de Erauso, also known as Alonso Diaz. They will find more information to consider how women used the legal and societal conventions to defy gender identity in colonial Latin America.
Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz: Obedience and Rebellion from the Convent (Lesson)
In this lesson, students will identify the main events in the life of Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz and analyze how the historical context shaped her life. Students will discuss women’s ability to make decisions in colonial Mexico through Sor Juana’s biography, her poem, You Foolish Men, and artwork inspired by her.
Understanding Conquest Perspectives (Lesson)
These activity cards will help students understand multiple perspectives during the Spanish invasion of the Americas.
The 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and the U.S.-Mexico Border (Assignment)
This assignment helps students think critically about the geographical and political definition of the U.S.-Mexico boundary and its effect on people living in the borderlands through the analysis of the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo text and contemporary historical maps.
Shared Resistance in the Mexican Revolution (Lesson)
Identify the common causes for resistance in the revolution by learning about the famous faces behind the Mexican Revolution (Zapata & Villa), as well as the less discussed heroes and heroines (Petra Herrera & Vicente Guerrero).
What caused the revolt? (Lesson)
Through the comparison of photographs and analysis of textual sources, this lesson helps students think though the causes of the revolution that are tied to colonial structures.
Colonialism’s Impact on Mexico (Lesson)
Lesson helps students build on prior learning about indigenous civilizations in Mexico to evaluate how the encomienda system connects to the later casta system, and to compare and contrast colonialism of 1490’s with U.S. imperialism in early 1900’s, using a Venn diagram.